It is necessary to have studied the subjects of Mathematics, Physics and Fundamentals of Chemistry. It is recommended to have passed these subjects. In the subjects Fundamentals of Chemistry and Physics are introduce different aspects that will be developed in depth in this subject. The subject of Mathematics will provide some of the calculation tools that will be used in the treatment of Quantum Mechanics and the spectroscopy that is done in the subject of Physical Chemistry II.
The objective of the subject is the study of matter from the atomic-molecular point of view using the tools provided by Quantum Mechanics and the study of molecular spectra. The 6 credit obligatory subject belongs to the module II: Fundamentals of Chemistry. This subject establishes the fundaments about the atomic and molecular structure and how to obtain atomic and molecular properties.The different points studied in this course will be developed in more depth in different subjects of the Degree in Chemistry.
Physical Chemistry II is an important subject for the future of the students since more than 50% of the GDP of the USA and the European Union is based on applications derived from Quantum Mechanics. It is a basic subject to deal with more complex issues in the field of Physical Chemistry such as the study of polyatomic molecules, chemical reactivity, statistical thermodynamics, etc.
Course competences | |
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Code | Description |
CB01 | Prove that they have acquired and understood knowledge in a subject area that derives from general secondary education and is appropriate to a level based on advanced course books, and includes updated and cutting-edge aspects of their field of knowledge. |
CB03 | Be able to gather and process relevant information (usually within their subject area) to give opinions, including reflections on relevant social, scientific or ethical issues. |
E08 | Know the principles of quantum mechanics and their application to the structure of atoms and molecules |
E14 | Know and know how to apply the metrology of chemical processes, including quality management |
E15 | Know how to handle the standard chemical instrumentation and be able to elaborate and manage standardized procedures of work in the laboratory and chemical industry |
E16 | Plan, design and develop projects and experiments |
E17 | Develop the ability to relate to each other the different specialties of Chemistry, as well as this one with other disciplines (interdisciplinary character) |
G01 | Know the principles and theories of Chemistry, as well as the methodologies and applications characteristic of analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry, understanding the physical and mathematical bases that require |
G02 | Be able to gather and interpret data, information and relevant results, obtain conclusions and issue reasoned reports on scientific, technological or other problems that require the use of chemical tools |
G04 | Know how to communicate, orally and in writing, the knowledge, procedures and results of chemistry, both specialized and non-specialized |
T10 | Ability to use specific software for chemistry at user level |
T11 | Ability to obtain bibliographic information, including Internet resources |
Course learning outcomes | |
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Description | |
Ability to solve chemical problems applying the proper methodologies of physical chemistry | |
Ability to correctly use scientific language. | |
Ability to search, understand and use relevant bibliographic and technical information. | |
Ability to understand and predict the behavior and reactivity of atoms and molecules from their structural characteristics, which can be determined from spectroscopic data or quantum chemical calculations | |
Additional outcomes | |
Description | |
Ability to use scientific language correctly - Ability to seek to understand and use relevant bibliographic and technical information. - Develop the ability to work as a team in seminars and laboratory sessions. |
Training Activity | Methodology | Related Competences | ECTS | Hours | As | Com | Description | |
Class Attendance (theory) [ON-SITE] | Lectures | E08 G01 G02 | 0.8 | 20 | N | N | Presential teaching where the theoretical concepts and resolution of standard exercises will be taught. (G1, G2, E8 ) The student will be given the best resources to prepare the teaching activities and will be encouraged to participate with suggestions, questions, etc. that may arise during their work in the classroom or during the personal work that each student has done outside the classroom. The student will have the material related to the subject in the Virtual Campus (Moodle) and on the website of the teachers of the subject. To teach the subject, both the blackboard and transparencies or Power Point presentations will be used. We will choose, in each case, the means that will allow the student to learn better the objectives previously proposed for this subject. Presential teaching where the theoretical concepts and resolution of standard exercises will be taught. (G1, G2, E8 ) The student will be given the best resources to prepare the teaching activities and will be encouraged to participate with suggestions, questions, etc. that may arise during their work in the classroom or during the personal work that each student has done outside the classroom. The student will have the material related to the subject in the Virtual Campus (Moodle) and on the website of the teachers of the subject. To teach the subject, both the blackboard and transparencies or Power Point presentations will be used. We will choose, in each case, the means that will allow the student to learn better the objectives previously proposed for this subject. | |
Study and Exam Preparation [OFF-SITE] | Self-study | E17 G01 | 2.6 | 65 | N | N | The student will study the theoretical concepts presented in the master classes and will work on the problems proposed in the seminars | |
Workshops or seminars [ON-SITE] | Problem solving and exercises | E08 G01 G02 G04 | 0.56 | 14 | N | N | Problem solving by the student, previously raised and guided by the teacher. | |
Laboratory practice or sessions [ON-SITE] | Practical or hands-on activities | E08 E14 E17 G02 G04 T10 | 0.52 | 13 | Y | Y | Handling of laboratory material, use of basic techniques and operations, obtaining and analysing results (G2, G4, E8, E17, T7, T8, T10) | |
Problem solving and/or case studies [ON-SITE] | Problem solving and exercises | CB01 E08 G01 G02 | 0.24 | 6 | Y | N | The student will autonomously solve a series of practical cases. | |
Other off-site activity [OFF-SITE] | Practical or hands-on activities | T11 | 0.4 | 10 | Y | Y | Previous study and elaboration of reports related to the practical activities. Study after the realization of the missions | |
Computer room practice [ON-SITE] | Practical or hands-on activities | G01 G02 T10 | 0.12 | 3 | Y | Y | The student will make a practical assumption using the methodology and appropriate software and guided by the teacher. | |
Study and Exam Preparation [OFF-SITE] | Self-study | E08 E14 G01 | 0.6 | 15 | Y | N | ||
Mid-term test [ON-SITE] | Assessment tests | CB01 CB03 E08 G01 G02 | 0.06 | 1.5 | Y | N | The student will solve a series of questions and perform exercises | |
Final test [ON-SITE] | Assessment tests | E08 G01 | 0.1 | 2.5 | Y | Y | The student will study autonomously examples proposed in class | |
Total: | 6 | 150 | ||||||
Total credits of in-class work: 2.4 | Total class time hours: 60 | |||||||
Total credits of out of class work: 3.6 | Total hours of out of class work: 90 |
As: Assessable training activity
Com: Training activity of compulsory overcoming (It will be essential to overcome both continuous and non-continuous assessment).
Evaluation System | Continuous assessment | Non-continuous evaluation * | Description |
Mid-term tests | 30.00% | 0.00% | Two 1.5 hour written tests during class time to evaluate the learning of the contents taught in the classes and seminars |
Final test | 30.00% | 80.00% | A comprehensive global written examen will be done to evaluate learning in theory and problems. |
Laboratory sessions | 20.00% | 20.00% | Participate actively in the practical laboratory classes. The skill acquired in the handling of the different systems will be valued, as well as the adequate elaboration of the proposed questionnaires for these practical activities and the laboratory notebook. |
Assessment of active participation | 20.00% | 0.00% | To make a continuous evaluation on knowledge based on the resolution and exposition of the proposed problems, resolution of test and other types of activities that are proposed. |
Total: | 100.00% | 100.00% |
Not related to the syllabus/contents | |
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Hours | hours |
Unit 1 (de 8): ORIGINS OF QUANTUM MECHANICS. Classical Theoretical Physics in the late 19th century. Radiation of the black body. Planck's hypothesis. Photoelectric effect. Compton effect. Atomic spectra. Atomic Bohr models. Insufficiency of this model. Correspondence principle. Wave-corpuscle duality. De Broglie's hypothesis. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Uncertainty relations of position-moment and time-energy. | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 4 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 4 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 2.5 |
Mid-term test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .35 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .36 |
Unit 2 (de 8): BASIC ELEMENTS OF QUANTUM MECHANICS. Schrödinger wave equation. Hamiltonian operator. Stationary states. Interpretation of the wave function. Construction rules of quantum operators. Operator algebra. Quantum Mechanics postulates. Fundamental consequences of the postulates. | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 2 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 9 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 1.5 |
Problem solving and/or case studies [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 1 |
Mid-term test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .37 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .36 |
Unit 3 (de 8): MECHANO-QUANTUM STUDY OF SOME SIMPLE SYSTEMS WITH LINEAR MOVEMENT Free particle. Particle in a one-dimensional box. Quantum numbers. Residual energy at the zero point. Particle in a three-dimensional box. Degenerate states. Potential barriers. Tunnel effect. One-dimensional harmonic oscillator. Comparison of classical and quantum results. Reduction of the two-particle problem to the one-particle problem | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 2 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 9 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 1 |
Problem solving and/or case studies [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 1 |
Mid-term test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .37 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .36 |
Unit 4 (de 8): MOVEMENT IN A CENTRAL FIELD. The angular momentum in Quantum Mechanics. Spherical polar coordinates. Functions and values of the operators and. Spherical harmonics. Spatial quantization. Central force fields. System of two particles with a central potential. Rigid rotor. The hydrogen atom as a central force system. Solution of the radial equation for a coulomb potential. Hydrogen orbitals. Physical meaning. Representation. Probability distribution functions. Interaction with a magnetic field: spatial quantization Electronic spin. | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 4 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 11 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 3 |
Problem solving and/or case studies [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 1 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 7 |
Mid-term test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .41 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .36 |
Unit 5 (de 8): POLYELECTRONIC ATOMS. Fundamental state of the He atom. Pauli's exclusion principle. Slater's determinants. Approximate methods for solving the Schrödinger equation. Method of variations. Theory of perturbations. Comparison of both methods for the fundamental state of the He atom. Angular momentum in polyelectronic atoms. Spectral terms corresponding to an electronic configuration. Hund's rule. Spin-orbit interaction. J-j coupling. Periodic system of the elements Aufbau principle Zeeman effect. Atomic spectra. Selection rules. Fine structure of the spectra. | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 2 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 5 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 2 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .35 |
Unit 6 (de 8): ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF DIATOMIC MOLECULES. Molecular hamiltonian. Born-Oppenheimer's approximation. Hydrogen ion molecule. Molecular Orbital Method. OM-CLOA approximation and application to the hydrogen ion molecule Types and symmetry of OM. Potential energy curves. Treatment of the hydrogen molecule by the OM method. Interaction of configurations. Electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules Correlation diagrams. Molecular electronic terms. Treatment of the heteronuclear diatomic molecules by the OM method. Valence-binding method | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 2 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 5 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 2 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .35 |
Unit 7 (de 8): MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY BASICS. Simplified treatment of the radiation-matter interaction by means of the time-dependent perturbation theory. Probability of transition. Dipolar moment of transition. Selection rules. Types of spectroscopy. Kinetics of radiation absorption and emission processes: Einstein's coefficients. Spontaneous emission. Mean radiant life time. Population inversion. Stimulated emission amplification. Lasers. Shape and width of lines. Lambert-Beer law. | |
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Activities | Hours |
Class Attendance (theory) [PRESENCIAL][Lectures] | 4 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 12 |
Workshops or seminars [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 2 |
Problem solving and/or case studies [PRESENCIAL][Problem solving and exercises] | 3 |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 8 |
Final test [PRESENCIAL][Assessment tests] | .36 |
Unit 8 (de 8): LABORATORY PRACTICES : 1.- Representation of atomic and molecular orbitals with Matlab Rotation-vibration spectrocopy: IR spectrum of CO. 3.- Atomic emission spectroscopy. Atomic spectra: Hydrogen. Calculation of spectral terms of an alkaline metal. 4- UV-Visible absorption spectrum of a dye. | |
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Activities | Hours |
Study and Exam Preparation [AUTÓNOMA][Self-study] | 10 |
Laboratory practice or sessions [PRESENCIAL][Practical or hands-on activities] | 13 |
Other off-site activity [AUTÓNOMA][Practical or hands-on activities] | 10 |
Computer room practice [PRESENCIAL][Practical or hands-on activities] | 3 |
Computer room practice [PRESENCIAL][Practical or hands-on activities] | 15 |
Global activity | |
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Activities | hours |
Author(s) | Title | Book/Journal | Citv | Publishing house | ISBN | Year | Description | Link | Catálogo biblioteca |
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A, Requena y J. Zuñiga | Espectroscopia | Madrid | Pearson Educación | 84-205-3677-6. | 2004 | ||||
A. Requena y J. Zúñiga | Química Física: Problemas de Espectroscopia | Madrid | Prentice Hall | 8483223678 | 2007 | ||||
G. R. Mortimer | Physical Chemistry | libro electronico | San Diego USA | Academic Press | 9780125083454. 97800 | 2000 | |||
I. N. Levine ( traduccion A, Requena et al.) | Quimica Cuantica 5 th ed. | Madrid | Prentice Hall | 84-205-3096-4. | 2005 | ||||
I.N. Levine | Problemas de Fisico Química | Mc Graw Hill | 84-481-9833-6 | 2005 | |||||
I.N. Levine, Vol. 2 | Fisicoquímica | Madrid | McGraw-Hill | 84448106172 | 2004 | ||||
J . Bertrán Rusca y col | Química Cuántica | Madrid | Sintesis | 84-7738-742-7 | 2002 | ||||
L.E. Bailey y M:D.Troitiño | la Quimica Cuantica en 100 problemas. | Madrid | UNED | 9788476654637 | 2004 | ||||
N. B . Sing | Physical Chemistry | libro electronico | Nueva Delhi | New Age International | 9788122424034. 97881 | 2009 | http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=1&sid=fc96fcc9-0f40-41ac-8b90-f9ff8318d12b%40pdc-v-sessmgr03&bdata=Jmxhbmc9ZXMmc2l0ZT1lZHMtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#AN=307445&db=nlebk | ||
P. Atkins, J. de Paula | Physical Chemistry 8th ed | Oxford U.K | Oxford University Press | 0-19-870072-5 | 2006 | Hay diferentes ediciones | |||
P.W. Atkins | Fisicoquímica | Madrid | Panamerica | 9789500612487 | 2008 |